Lawn Care and Maintenance

A lawn is a land area with its soil covered with grass species or any other long lasting plants such as clovers specifically maintained with a lawnmower at a short height for its recreational purposes and aesthetic values. Removal of weeds (weeding) and controlling of pests are the main activities for maintaining the Iawn’s green color. Mowing is also a main practice so as to give the grass species a reasonable height. For its aesthetic purpose, lawns are mainly practiced around offices, commercial buildings, apartments, city parks and at home. Lawns are also experienced in the sport field for a recreational purpose.

Grazing of lawns by livestock, scything and shearing were the main maintenance methods before the invention of a lawnmower in the year 1830. During those old times, a lawn was an element of manor houses and wealthy places. The lawn areas grazed by rabbits, horses, and sheep gave a low tight sward same as the modern lawn unlike those lawn areas grazed by cows and other livestock.


Many grass varieties and grass-like plants are used as a ground cover in lawns depending on specific conditions such as irrigation, changing temperatures, amount of rainfall, and shade tolerance. The available varieties are always improved into new varieties by botanist to give more sustainable grass covers with more merits such as high environmental sustainability and more economical species (less rainfall, fertilizer, disease and pest exposure). Many different grass species are currently at use depending on the intended purpose and the climatic conditions of the area in place. Based on the experience of, there are cold season grasses and warm season grasses namely;

Cold season grasses: Bluegrass, bent-grass, rye-grass, fescues, feather reed grass and tuffed hair grass. Warm season grasses: Zoysiagrass, bahiagrass, Kikuyu, grama grass and carpet grass.


This practice involves:

1. Planting and seeding

Depending on the grass variety, planting can be done during early summer, spring and early autumn. Seeding is cheaper but lawn establishment can take a longer time period. Simple practices such as aeration is of great importance during this period so as to promote thicker tuff and deep rooting.

2. Fertilizers and chemicals

Natural (organic) or synthetic fertilizers can be used. Chemicals such as pesticides (herbicides, insecticides, and fungicides) are used for prevention and treatment of the gray leaf spot and other diseases. Its effects to the environment are first considered before application to the lawn.

3. Mowing

Irrespective of the lawn purpose, a once a week maintenance of the grass through livestock grazing or machine mowing is important.


A healthy and beautiful lawn is always attractive and is ensured by knowing the various pests that can attack your grass and giving a good and effective treatment plan. The various known pests are:

A. Grubs(beetle larvae). Most pests attacks lawns when they are in their larvae stage. Withering of grass blades, formation of brown turf patches then death are signs of grub damage.

B. Chinch bug. They suck the grass blades and in the process secretes an anticoagulant that prevents water absorption resulting in withering and eventually death of tha grass.

C. Cut worm. Comprises of several species that majorly eats short grasses causing dead spots in the yard.

D. Army worm. These worms creates circular bare spots and do eats both grass blades and stems.

E. Sod web-worm. Its turf damaging larvae leaves brown patches by eating grass stems and blades.

Since we have the various pests and their effects, the various signs of their infestation can be deduced. These signs can be:

  • Stripes of dead grass
  • Dying lawn patches
  • Burrows
  • Dirt mounds
  • The drench test

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